Daftar Profesi dan Pekerjaan di Jerman boleh untuk Orang Asing (Indonesia) - Deutsch Academia Jakarta

Positivliste (Daftar Bidang Pekerjaan di Jerman untuk Orang Asing)

Positivliste merupakan Daftar Pekerjaan di Jerman yang dapat diisi oleh pekerja terampil asing (bukan warga negaraa Jerman) dalam kondisi tertentu di Jerman. Hal ini dilakukan karena kurangnya pekerja terampil pada jenis pekerjaan tertentu sehingga boleh di isi oleh orang asing (warga negara non Jerman). Positiveliste di atur dan ditentukan oleh Badan Ketenagakerjaan Federal.

Dasar hukumnya adalah § 6 (2) kalimat 1 no 2 dari Ordonansi Ketenagakerjaan Tahun ….. Tujuan peraturan ini adalah untuk mempermudah pekerja terampil untuk bermigrasi ke Jerman.

Tetapi siapa pun ingin mengisi profesi yang tercantum dalam daftar ini tidak dapat langsung memulai pekerjaan di Jerman. Pertama-tama, yang bersangkutan harus menentukan dan menyatakan bahwa pendidikannya sesuai dengan pendidikan berkualitas di Jerman.

Syarat dapat bekerja di Jerman adalah memiliki keahlian yang diakui oleh pemerintah Jerman.

Anda dapat bekerja di Jerman jika:

  1. Telah Lulus program Ausbildung untuk pekerjaan dengan kualifikasi Fachkraft (Tenaga Ahli)
  2. Telah Lulus program Weiterbildung untuk pekerjaan dengan kualifikasi Meister (Spesialis)
  3. Telah Lulusan Sarjana dari Universitas Jerman untuk peker- jaan dengan kualifikasi Fachkraft (Tenaga Ahli) dan Meister (Spesialis).

Lulusan sarjana dari Indonesia tidak dapat langsung bekerja di Jerman. Maka harus melalui proses penyetaraan gelar profesional dan keahlian sampai diakui 100%. Cara mendapatkan pengakuan dapat melalui penyetaraan (Anarkenung) ditambah dengan magang di Jerman selama 1 s.d. 2 tahun. Magang harus dilakukan karena rata-rata lulusan Sarjana dari Indonesia hanya diakui 50% penyetaraannya terutama yang berkaitan dengan pengalaman, kualitas praktik/ bekerja.

 

Verordnung über die Beschäftigung von Ausländerinnen und Ausländern (Beschäftigungsverordnung – Beschv)

6 Ausbildungsberufe
Regulasi tentang Penempatan Tenaga Asing (Peraturan Ketenagakerjaan – Pekerjaan Ordonansi) Pasal § 6 magang

1. Untuk warga negara asing yang telah memperoleh pelatihan kejuruan yang berkualifikasi di Jerman dalam pekerjaan yang diakui oleh negara atau sebanding, mereka dapat diberikan otorisasi untuk mengejar pekerjaan yang sepadan dengan kualifikasi profesional mereka. Pelatihan kejuruan yang memenuhi syarat ada jika durasi pelatihan setidaknya dua tahun.

2. Bagi orang asing yang telah memperoleh kualifikasi profesional mereka di luar negeri, persetujuan untuk mengejar kualifikasi kejuruan dapat diberikan dalam pekerjaan yang diakui oleh negara atau yang dapat dibandingkan jika, sesuai dengan peraturan Federasiatau Länderuntukotoritasyangkompeten telah menetapkan kesetaraan kualifikasi profesional dengan pelatihan kejuruan domestik yang berkualitas, dan

Pertama

Orang yang bersangkutan telah ditempatkan oleh Badan Ketenagakerjaan Federal berdasarkan perjanjian dengan layanan ketenagakerjaan negara asal melalui prosedur, pemilihan, dan penempatan; atau

Kedua

Badan Ketenagakerjaan Federal telah membedakan menurut kekhususan regional dan telah menentukan bahwa pengisian posisi yang kosong dengan pelamar asing bertanggung jawab atas pasar tenaga kerja dan kebijakan integrasi.

3. Badan Ketenagakerjaan Federal dapat membatasi persetujuan dalam kasus kalimat 1 nomor 2 untuk negara asal tertentu dan dapat menentukan jumlah persetujuan yang diperlukan.

Persetujuan sesuai dengan ayat 1 dan 2 harus diberikan tanpa pemeriksaan

Whitelist

pursuant to section 6 (2) sentence 1 no. 2 of the Employment Regulation: Immigration of profession- als into recognized occupations.

The Federal Employment Agency (Bundesagentur für Arbeit, BA) has determined that the filling of vacancies in the following occupations with foreign applicants is justifiable regarding labour market and integration policy under the following conditions:

LIST OF PROFESSIONS OR PROFESSIONAL GROUPS:

Type of occupation (Classification of occupations 2010) Qualification level
2 =

Skilled worker

3 =

Specialist

121 93 Supervision and management horticulture x
212 22 Professions in the production of building materials x
221 02 Professions in plastics and rubber production x
223 42 Professions in Wood, Furniture & Interior Design x
223 03 Professions in woodworking & processing x
241 32 Professions in the industrial foundry x
242 12 / 242 22/

242 32 / 242 33

Professions in in the non-cutting; abrasive; metal cutting x x
244 12 / 244 13 Professions in metalconstruction x x
245 22 Professions in tool engineering x
251 32 Technical service staff maintenance x
252 12/252 22 Automotive, agricultural machinery and construction machinery technology x
252 93 Supervision of vehicle, aerospace and shipbuilding technology x
261 12 Professions in mechatronics x
261 22/261 23 Professions in automation technology x x
262 12 Professions in building electrics x
262 22 Professions in electrical engineering x
262 52 Professions in building electrics x
262 62 Professions line installation, maintenance x
263 12 Professions information and telecommunications technology x
263 93 Supervisors – electrical engineering x
272 32 Professions in model building x
273 02 Professions in technical production planning & control x
292 32 Professions in meat processing x
321 22 Professions in wall craft x
321 42 Professions in roofing x
321 93 Supervision – building construction x
322 02 / 322 22 /

322 32 / 322 42 /

322 52

Building construction professions in civil engineering (without specialisation), road & asphalt construction, track construction, well construction, canal & tunnel construction  

x

322 93 Supervision – Civil engineering x
331 02 Civil engineering professions in floor laying (without specialisa- tion) x
331 12 /331 32 Tile, slab, mosaic, parquet laying x
333 22 / 333 52 Carpentry, roller shutter and blind construction x
333 93 Supervision – development, dry construction, insulation, car- pentry, glazing, construction of roller shutters and blinds x
342 02 Construction professions in plumbing (without specialisation) x
342 12 / 342 13 Professions in sanitary, heating and air conditioning x x

 

342 22 Professions in oven and air heating construction x
342 32 Professions in refrigeration technology x
342 93 Supervisors – plumbing, sanitary, heating, air conditioning x
343 22 Professions in pipeline construction x
343 42 Professions Plant, Container & Apparatus Construction x
434 13 Software development x
521 22 Professional Drivers x
522 02 Locomotive driver rail transport x
723 03 Professions in tax x
811 22 Podologists (m/f) x
813 02 Health care, nursing (without specialisation) x
813 13 Professions in specialist nursing x
813 32 Occupations operation/med.-techn. Assistance x
813 53 Occupations obstetrics, maternity care x
817 13 Professions in physiotherapy x
817 33 Professions in speech therapy x
821 02/ 821 83 Professions in nursing care for the elderly x x
823 93 Supervisors – personal hygiene x
825 12 Professions in orthopaedics, rehabilitation technology x
825 32 Professions in hearing aid acoustics x
 

825 93

Master of orthopaedics, rehabilitation technology and hearing aid acoustics except for medical technology, ophthalmic optics and dental technology  

x

932 32 Professions in interior decoration x

 

You will find a summary of recognised occupations and individual activities in Annex 1.  A publication of the position in the job market is not a prerequisite for the BA’s consent to the employment of foreign employees.

EXPLANATIONS

 Regarding the Whitelist

The occupations were selected based on the Federal Employment Agency’s skilled-worker bottleneck analysis, which is available online at the following location: www.statistik.ar- beitsagentur.de > Labour market reports > demand for skilled workers and jobs > Current bottleneck analysis

The bottleneck analysis focuses on nationwide bottlenecks, supplemented by a regional view on the level of the federal states.

For the Whitelist according to section 6 paragraph. 2 Sentence 1 No. 2 of the Employment regulation, occupations from the skilled-worker bottleneck analysis were selected for which no other possibilities of labour market entry exist, e.g. the EU Blue Card for academics.

The newly added occupations are underlined.

The skilled worker’s bottleneck analysis is updated every six months. The Whitelist is only to be updated, however, if two consecutive reviews of the available information indicate that the list should be changed. The new Skilled Immigration Act will enter into force on March 1st 2020. From that date the Whitelist will no longer apply.

Regarding the qualification level

Qualification level 2 – skilled worker – corresponds to a professionally oriented activity which requires at least two years of vocational training or comparable qualification.

Qualification level 3 – Specialist – is assigned to occupations that require special knowledge and special skills, which usually require a master or technician training or an equivalent tech- nical college or university degree.

General information on labour market entry for foreign applicants is available on the Internet at www.arbeitsagentur.de/arbeitsmarktzulassung

Annexe 1 to the Whitelist –

summary of individual recognised training occupations

The following list explains the Whitelist of individual training occupations and activities. The job titles come from the database BERUFENET of the Federal Employment Agency. Information on the individual occupations can be found at www.berufenet.arbeitsagentur.de.

 

BKZ Professional title Professional group
121 93 Master gardener (m/f) Further education professions- Mas- ter craftsperson
212 22 Process mechanic (m/f) in the non-metallic minerals industry Training professions – Dual
212 22 Precast concrete parts worker (m/f) Training professions – Dual
212 22 Stonemason (m/f) Training professions – Dual
221 02 Mechanic (m/f) in plastics and rubber processing Training professions – Dual
223 42 Joiner (m/f) Training professions – Dual
223 42 Specialist in furniture, kitchen and removal services Training professions – Dual
223 42 Customer consultant (m/f) – joiner Further education professions- Other
223 42 Wood mechanic (m/f) of interior fittings and construction elements Training professions – Dual
223 42 Wood mechanic (m/f) – manufacturing of furniture and interior compo- nents Training professions – Dual
223 42 Wood mechanic (m/f) construction element, wooden packing and frame Training professions – Dual
223 03 Physical and engineering science technicians not elsewhere classified Continuing education professions – technicians
241 32 Foundry mechanic (m/f) Training professions – Dual
242 12 Press tool operator and metal working mechanic (m/f) Training professions – Dual
242 12 Skilled metal worker (m/f) – In metal forming and wire technology Training professions – Dual
242 22 Pre-polisher for jewellery and precision engineered products (m/f) Training professions – Dual
242 22 Polisher (m/f) Training professions – Dual
242 32 Milling machine operator (m/f) Training professions – Dual
242 32 Skilled metal worker (m/f) – In cutting procedures Training professions – Dual
242 33 Mechanical engineering technicians (m/f) Continuing education professions – Technicians
242 33 Metal working machine tool setters and operators (m/f) Further education professions- Other
244 12 Metalworker (m/f) Training professions – Dual
244 12 Construction mechanic (m/f) Training professions – Dual
244 12 Skilled metal worker (m/f) – metal constructions Training professions – Dual
244 13 Civil engineering technicians Continuing education professions – Technicians
245 22 Gunsmith (m/f) Training professions – Dual
245 22 Tools mechanic (m/f) Training professions – Dual
245 22 Precision tool mechanic (m/f) Training professions – Dual
251 32 Dispensing and game machine specialist (m/f) Training professions – Dual
252 12 Automotive service technician (m/f) Further education professions- Other
252 12 Motor Vehicle Mechatronics engineer (m/f) – Personal motor vehicle technology Training professions – Dual
252 12 Car body and vehicle construction mechanic (m/f) – Karross.instandh. Training professions – Dual
252 12 Motor Vehicle mechatronics engineer (m/f)- commercial vehicle tech- nology Training professions – Dual
252 12 Motor Vehicle Mechatronics engineer (m/f) – body technology Training professions – Dual
252 12 Motor Vehicle mechatronics engineer (m/f) – system and high-voltage technology Training professions – Dual
252 12 Car body and vehicle construction mechanic (m/f) – car body/vehicle construction. Training professions – Dual
252 12 Specialist – innovative vehicle preparation Further education professions- Other
252 22 Metal Construction Commercial Vehicle Construction (m/f) Training professions – Dual
252 22 Agricultural and construction machinery mechatronics engineer (m/f) Training professions – Dual
252 93 Master vehicle and car body repair specialist Further education professions- Master craftsperson
252 93 Master vehicle technician Further education professions- Master craftsperson
252 93 Master mechanic for agricultural machines Further education professions- Master craftsperson
252 93 Master mechanic (m/f) of two-wheelers Further education professions- Master craftsperson
252 93 Industrial foreman/woman – aircraft construction/aeronautical engineer- ing Further education professions- Master craftsperson
252 93 Operations Manager – automotive engineering Further education professions- Other
261 12 Mechatronic technician (m/f) Training professions – Dual
261 12 Techn. Assistant (m/f) – Mechatronics Training professions – FSO
261 22 Electronics technician (m/f) – automation technology (Craft or industry) Training professions – Dual
261 22 Industrial technologist (m/f) Training professions – FSO
261 23 Technician (m/f) – electrical engineering (Automation Technology) Continuing education professions – Technicians
262 12 Qualified electrician for specified tasks (m/f) Further education professions- Other
262 12 Electronics technician (m/f)- energy and building services engineering Training professions – Dual
262 12 Electronics technician (m/f) – Building and infrastructure systems Training professions – Dual
262 22 Electronics technician (m/f) – machines and drive technology Training professions – Dual
262 52 Electronics technician (m/f) – industrial engineering Training professions – Dual
262 52 Electronics technician (crafts) Training professions – Dual
262 52 Industrial electrician (m/f) Training professions – Dual
262 52 Industrial electrician (m/f) – industrial engineering Training professions – Dual
262 62 Electrical installation technician (m/f) Training professions – Dual
263 12 Information technology and telecommunications system electronics technician (m/f) Training professions – Dual
263 12 Information electronics technician (m/f) Training professions – Dual
263 12 Electronics technician (m/f) – Information and telecommunication tech- nology Training professions – Dual
263 12 Systems informatics technician Training professions – Dual
263 93 Electrics Technician (master craftsperson) (m/f) Further education professions- Master craftsperson
263 93 Communication Technician (master craftsperson) (m/f) Further education professions- Master craftsperson
263 93 Industrial supervisor specialising in electrical engineering Further education professions- Master craftsperson
272 32 Pattern-maker (casting industry) or model-maker (automotive industry) (m/f) Training professions – Dual
273 02 Production technologist (m/f) Training professions – Dual
292 32 Butcher (m/f) Training professions – Dual
321 22 Mason (m/f) Training professions – Dual
321 42 Roofer (m/f) Training professions – Dual
321 93 Master roofer (m/f) Further education professions- Master craftsperson
321 93 Master scaffolder (m/f) Further education professions- Master craftsperson
321 93 Scaffolding foreman/woman Further education professions- Other
321 93 Master craftsperson (m/f) for masonry and concrete construction Further education professions- Master craftsperson
321 93 Foreman/woman Further education professions- Master craftsperson
321 93 Foreman/woman – Building construction Further education professions- Master craftsperson
321 93 Site foreman/woman Further education professions- Other
321 93 Site foreman/woman – building construction Further education professions- Other
322 02 Civil engineering technician Training professions – Dual
322 02 Special civil engineer (m/f) Training professions – Dual
322 22 Road builder (m/f) Training professions – Dual
322 22 Asphalt builder (m/f) Training professions – Dual
322 22 Civil engineering worker (m/f) road building Training professions – Dual
322 32 Track builder (m/f) Training professions – Dual
322 32 Civil engineering worker (m/f) rail track construction Training professions – Dual
322 42 Well builder (m/f) Training professions – Dual
322 42 Civil engineering worker (m/f) well construction Training professions – Dual
322 52 Canal builder (m/f) Training professions – Dual
322 52 Civil engineering worker (m/f) duct construction Training professions – Dual
322 93 Master of road construction (m/f) Further education professions- Master craftsperson
322 93 Foreman/woman in Civil Engineering Further education professions- Master craftsperson
322 93 Construction foreman/woman in Civil Engineering Further education professions- Other
322 93 Master of well construction (m/f) Further education professions- Master craftsperson
322 93 Master of rail-track construction Further education professions- Master craftsperson
322 93 Master of hydraulic engineering Further education professions- Master craftsperson
331 02 Floor layer (m/f) Training professions – Dual
331 12 Tile, slab and mosaic layer (m/f) Training professions – Dual
331 32 Parquet installer (m/f) Training professions – Dual
333 22 Carpenter (m/f) Training professions – Dual
333 22 Boat builder (m/f)- new construction, extension and conversion Training professions – Dual
333 52 Roller shutter and sun protection mechatronics technician Training professions – Dual
333 93 Construction Manager – Carpentry Further education professions- Other
333 93 Works Foreman/woman – Finishing Further education professions- Other
333 93 Master carpenter (m/f) Further education professions- Mas- ter craftsperson
333 93 Master of thermal, cold and noise insulation filter (m/f) Further education professions- Master craftsperson
333 93 Master glazer (m/f) Further education professions- Master craftsperson
333 93 Roller shutter and sun protection technician (m/f) Further education professions- Master craftsperson
333 93 Industrial master craftsperson (m/f) – insulation Further education professions- Mas- ter craftsperson
333 93 Industrial master craftsperson (m/f) – Acoustic and drywall construction Further education professions- Master craftsperson
333 93 Construction supervisor (m/f) – roof, wall and sealing technology Further education professions- Other
342 02 Plumber m/f Training professions – Dual
342 12 Plant mechanic – sanitary, heating and air conditioning technology Training professions – Dual
342 13 Technician – Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning technology Continuing education professions – Technicians
342 13 Technician – Sanitary engineering Continuing education professions – Technicians
342 22 Oven and air heating installer (m/f) Training professions – Dual
342 32 Mechatronics engineer (m/f) – refrigeration technology Training professions – Dual
342 93 Operations manager – sanitary and heating technology Further education professions- Other
342 93 Master craftsperson (m/f) for installation and heating systems Further education professions- Master craftsperson
342 93 Master craftsperson (m/f) for refrigeration systems Further education professions- Master craftsperson
342 93 Master plumber (m/f) Further education professions- Master craftsperson
342 93 Master craftsperson (m/f) for oven and air heating systems Further education professions- Master craftsperson
343 22 Civil engineering worker (m/f) – pipeline installation Training professions – Dual
343 22 Pipeline fitter (m/f) Training professions – Dual
343 22 Net mechanic (m/f) Further education professions- Other
343 42 Sheet-metal workers Training professions – Dual
343 42 Plant mechanic (m/f) Training professions – Dual
434 13 IT solution developer (m/f) Further education professions- Other
521 22 Drivers (m/f) Training professions – Dual
522 02 Railway worker (m/f) – operations – engine driver and transportation Training professions – Dual
723 03 Accounting associate professionals Training professions – FSO
811 22 Podologist (m/f) Training professions – FSO
813 02 Health and paediatric nurse (m/f) Training professions – FSO
813 02 Health and nursing professional (m/f) Training professions – FSO
813 13 Specialist nurse (m/f) Further education professions- Other
813 13 Specialist nurse (m/f) – Emergency care Further education professions- Other
813 13 Specialist nurse (m/f) – Intensive care/anaesthetics Further education professions- Other
813 13 Specialist nurse (m/f) – Clinical geriatrics Further education professions-
813 13 Specialist nurse (m/f) – Nephrology Further education professions- Other
813 13 Specialist nurse (m/f) – Oncology Further education professions- Other
813 13 Specialist nurse (m/f) – operation/endoscopic service Further education professions- Other
813 13 Specialist nurse (m/f) – palliative and hospice care Further education professions- Other
813 13 Specialist nurse (m/f) – Psychiatry Further education professions- Other
813 13 Specialist nurse (m/f) – rehabilitation/Long-term care Further education professions- Other
813 32 Anaesthesia technical assistant (m/f) Training professions – FSO
813 32 Surgical technician (m/f) Training professions – Dual
813 32 Surgical assistant (m/f) Training professions – FSO
813 53 Midwife/Maternity nurse Training professions – FSO
817 13 Physiotherapist (m/f) Training professions – FSO
817 13 Motopedist (m/f) Continuing education – Other
817 33 Speech and language therapist (m/f) Training professions – FSO
817 33 Audiologists and speech therapists Training professions – FSO
821 02 geriatric nurse (m/f) Training professions – FSO
821 83 Specialist nurse (m/f) – clinical geriatrics/rehabilitation Further education professions- Other
821 83 Specialist nurse (m/f) – Oncology Further education professions- Other
821 83 Specialist nurse (m/f) – palliative and hospice care Further education professions- Other
821 83 Specialist nurse (m/f) – Psychiatry Further education professions- Other
823 93 Hairdresser (m/f) Further education professions- Master craftsperson
825 12 Orthopaedic technician (m/f) Training professions – Dual
825 32 Audiologist (m/f) Training professions – Dual
825 93 Master of hearing aid acoustician (m/f) Further education professions- Master craftsperson
825 93 Orthopaedic technician (m/f) Further education professions- Master craftsperson
932 32 Interior decorator (m/f) Training professions – Dual

 

YOUR PATH TO GERMANY AS A SKILLED WORKER

 The Employment Regulation (BeschV), which entered into force on 1 July 2013, created the basis for facilitating the immigration of skilled workers into Germany.

According to section 6 para.2 sentence1 no. 2 of this Regulation, consent may be granted for foreign nationals who have acquired their professional qualification abroad to pursue employment corresponding to their professional qualification in a state-recognised or comparably regulated training occupation, if the body responsible for vocational recognition under the regulations of the Federal Government or the state regulation has established the equivalence of the professional qualification with qualified vocational training in Germany and the Federal Employment Agency for the relevant occupation or occupational group has determined, differentiated according to regional particularities, that filling the vacancies with foreign applicants is justifiable in terms of labour market and integration policy.

The consent is granted without the fundamental examination required to determine whether pref- erential employees are available to fill the position. However, the employment conditions offered must correspond to those of comparable domestic employees.

Following on from the ” EU Blue Card” for highly qualified people, improved recognition of foreign professional qualifications and easier entry opportunities for students from non-EU countries, the Whitelist is a further important step towards enabling employees from third countries to have uncomplicated access to the German labour market and to meet the skilled labour needs of the German economy with qualified immigration.

WHAT HAPPENS NEXT FOR YOU AS A WORKER?

 If you have found your occupation on the “list of occupations” and would like to work in your trained occupation in Germany, you must now find out whether your training corresponds to that of a qualified training programme in Germany. You can find out whether this is the case, as well as how and where you can apply to have the equivalence of your qualification determined, by visiting the website: “Recognition in Germany“.

Once this check is completed and you have been issued with a certificate from the relevant au- thority confirming the equivalence of your training to a German programme of education, you may, upon presentation of this certificate, apply for an entry visa at the German diplomatic mission or consular post abroad in your home country. If you are already living in Germany or can travel there without a visa, then the immigration office (Auslä nderbehö rde) in your municipality is re- sponsible for you.

It may be necessary to acquire additional theoretical knowledge and/or professional experience in your home country to determine the equivalence of your degree. With a residence title (Aufen- thaltstitel) according to section 17a of the Residence Act (AufenthG), you are permitted to enter Germany to do a training programme for a duration of up to 18 months if such a programme is required to determine the equivalence of your qualification. In addition to doing the training pro- gramme, you can work up to ten hours per week independently of such a programme. In the case of a job that is closely related on an occupational level to the occupation you intend to carry out in the future, there are no time limits in relation to doing such work.

If you have a residence permit according to section 17a of the Residence Act you can also enter Germany to take the examination required to determine the equivalence of your foreign qualifica- tions. If proof of professional experience but not the acquisition of additional theoretical knowledge is required to determine the equivalence of your degree, you can also receive a residence permit for the purpose of employment with the consent of the Federal Employment Agency (section 18 of the Residence Act (AufenthG), in conjunction with section 8 of the Employment Regulation (Bes- chV)).

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